History, Politics

Gandhism and its legacy

Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, most popular name of modern India and also refer as a Father of Nation, made indelible impression among millions of Indians with his weapons of non violence and truth. I have read his autobiography which was written in excellent english and signifies his writing capabilities. It was ” Lage raho Ho Munna Bhai” revived the essence of Gandhism and non violence at this very age of violence.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar on 2 October 1869 in Hindu Modh community. His father was the diwan (Prime Minister) of the eponymous Porbander state.At the age of 13 Mohandas was married to 14-year old Kasturbai in traditional arranged marriage. Later, he moved to England for the completion of Law. Later came back to India and left for south Africa for practicing Law. Gandhiji was actively participated in the Civil rights movement in South Africa for the protection of Indians and black’s rights. Gandhi had been inspired by American Henry Thoreau civil disobedience movement and made a great mark.

Gandhiji arrived India at 1915 and is said to be avid follower of Gokhale, famous congress moderate. We should observe the structure of congress party before Gandhi became active at mainstream politics. Extremist wing comprises Tilak, B.C Pal, Lajapath rai, Sri Aurobindo were the leading forces of Indian freedom struggle. Interesting aspect is this people were highly inspired by Hindu vedanta and tried to mix the concept of Indian freedom struggle with Mystified vedanta. There was a crisis between moderates and extremists whether to opt violence or non violence for the congress party stand in liberation of India. After political retirement of Sri Aurobindo, Tilak’s incarceration at Burma weakened Extremists attempts.

Gandhiji captured congress and implemented strategies in a non violent methods and he was succeeded for getting freedom for India. But Gandhiji’s attitude towards Bhagat Singh, Subash Chandra Bose and Ambedkar are enough controversial in Indian history. Historians opine, Gandhiji could have escape Bhagat Singh from hanged to death by negotiating with Britishers. Mild response observed among congress moderates even after the brutal death of Bhagath Singh and desecration to his body by the tyranny Britishers. Subash chandra Bose was elected as Indian National Congress president in 1939 tripura session by defeating Pattabi Seeta Ramayya who was supported by Gandhi and Nehru with a huge margin. Congress seniors and Gandhian supporters were reluctant to extend co operation to Netaji. Netaji had to quit office and from presidentship of INC. Later Netaji resigned from congress and fled away to Japan via Germany in a miraculous heroic escape. Gandhiji even called parents not to send their children for the recruitment of Netaji’s INA  (Indian National Army). Despite having ideological difference with Gandhi, Netaji didn’t hesitate to praise the heroism and credibility of Gandhi by referring him as a “MAHATMA” in radio  which used to broadcast from Germany.

History, Philosophy, Reviews

Why iam an atheist – Bhagat Singh

 

Bhagat singh, the name itself a symbol of revolution and patriotism. While reading research papers and history books,  I was moved by his stand and ideology on various issues at his very age of 24 years. I had a feeling that Bhagath singh was a extremist approached violent path from young blood, later I  confessed that he was also a great philosopher. India Today published in a survey that Bhagat sing is the greatest indian with the 27% of indians approval, Netaji managed to get 2nd slot with 17%. Bhagath singh was initially gandhian and inspired by gandhi non co-operation movement. Gandhiji’s recall of non co-operation movement and Lala Lajpath Rai death which resulted from brutal lati charge made a greater impact on Bhagath Singh. He had adopted a violent path for the liberation of India.

“Why iam an atheist” is an essay written by Bhagath singh who got vexed with belief in god during his imprisonment days prior to his death. Surprising fact is  Bhagath Singh was active participant of  Swami Dayananda Saraswathi Arya Samaj during his teenage. Later, Bhagat singh drawn inspiration from Marxist and Anarchistic school of philosophers Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky and Mikhail Bakunin. In this essay, Bhagat condemned the presence of god claiming he has witnessing  poverty and human suffering of millions of people as just like a king nero who fiddled when Rome was being burnt . Though iam not an atheist, I was convinced by the anger and displeasure of Bhagat singh who dream a free and poverty less India. Interesting aspect is both the SFI and ABVP, student wings of communistic and hindutva idealogies, have been trying to identify and locate their ideology with the legacy of Bhagath Singh. I always feel, people remember Bhagat Singh  but not his revolutionary  ideology,  sacrifice,humanism and  great patriotism.